The parotid & submandibular glands make up two of the three major salivary glands in the body that secrete saliva near the upper teeth and under the tongue, and help aid in digestion, oral lubrication and hygiene, and protection against tooth decay. These glands are susceptible to benign or malignant tumors that appear as a lump in front of or below the ear. Parotid & submandibular gland tumors can spread from other areas of the body to enter the gland through the lymphatic system, and may include lymphomas, melanoma or squamous cell carcinoma, among others.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose parotid & gland tumors may include:
- Physical Exam:
- The physician will examine the jaw, neck, and throat for lumps or swelling.
- A biopsy is required to diagnose the airway and sample the tissue.
- Imaging Tests:
- CT scan